Exploring the Melancholic Temperament: From Ancient Theory to Modern Understanding

Melancholic, or “black bile” in Greek, is one of the temperaments recognized in the theory of humorism. This theory, which dates back to ancient times, posits that a person’s physical and mental state is determined by the balance of four bodily fluids, or “humors”: blood, yellow bile, black bile, and phlegm. According to this theory, a person with a predominance of black bile was considered a melancholic.

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Cristiano Ronaldo

Talent without working hard is nothing.

Cristiano Ronaldo, full name Cristiano Ronaldo dos Santos Aveiro, is a Portuguese soccer player who currently plays as a forward for the Saudi club Al-Nassr and the Portugal national team, of which he is captain. He is a Euro 2016 champion and a Euro 2004 silver medalist. He has also participated in the World Cup in 2006, 2010, 2014, 2018, and 2022, as well as the European Championship in 2008, 2012, and 2020.

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12-year-old’s Edible ‘Eco-Hero’ Bottle Aims to Solve Plastic Waste Problem

Every day, around 1.4 billion single-use plastic water bottles are sold worldwide. These bottles often end up in the natural environment, and estimates suggest that only 10% of plastic packaging is recycled. Empty bottles end up in oceans and forests, but one 12-year-old girl from Eagle Mountain, United States, has come up with a solution.

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Reading Books: A Proven Way to Boost Memory in Older Adults

Reading books can be a great way to maintain cognitive function in older adults, and recent research has shown that it may be even more effective than other activities like crossword puzzles. A study published in the journal “Frontiers in Psychology” found that regular reading for pleasure can lead to better memory in older age. The study’s authors, from the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the University of Illinois, argue that reading develops cognitive abilities and positively affects both episodic and working memory, which tend to decline with age.

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Rita Levi-Montalcini

Above all, don’t fear difficult moments. The best comes from them.

Rita Levi-Montalcini was an Italian neurologist, embryologist, and physician who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1986. She was born on April 22, 1909 in Turin, Italy and passed away on December 30, 2012 in Rome, Italy.

During the 1930s, Levi-Montalcini studied medicine at the University of Turin. However, her academic career was hindered by fascist laws (Manifesto della razza) that targeted individuals of Jewish descent. Despite this, she set up a makeshift and secretive laboratory in her own bedroom to continue her research on the growth of nerve cells. As she was unable to publish her work in Italy, she sent her research to scientific journals in Switzerland and Belgium.

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The Snowstorm Hero: The Inspiring Story of Jay, who Broke into a School to Save Stranded People

The story of a man named Jay who broke into a school to save people from freezing during a snowstorm is one that should be heard by all. The Edge Academy in Cheektowaga, New York, was hit by a major snowstorm on Christmas Eve, causing the local police to be unable to respond quickly to the alarm that went off at the school. When they finally arrived, they found a broken window but nothing else suspicious. It wasn’t until they found a hand-written note that they realized what had occurred.

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The Magic of Self-Soothing: A Toolbox for Managing Stress and Emotions

Self-soothing, is a powerful tool for managing strong emotions and anxiety. According to psychotherapist and author Janice Webb, developing effective self-soothing techniques can help us cope with stress and improve our relationships.

In her book “Filling the Void: Overcoming the Effects of Emotional Neglect in Childhood,” Webb writes that many of us did not receive the optimal emotional care and support during childhood, leaving us ill-equipped to handle stress and relationships as adults. However, she argues that it is never too late to develop new tools for self-care and emotional regulation.

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Diana, Princess of Wales

Every one of us needs to show how much we care for each other and, in the process, care for ourselves.

Diana, Princess of Wales, was born in 1961 in Sangrinham, England and came from a distinguished noble family, the Spencers. She was the wife of Prince Charles, the heir to the United Kingdom, from 1981 to 1996, and mother to Prince Harry and Prince William. She was a member of the British royal family.

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Child Genius: Four-Year-Old Theodore Hobbs Joins Mensa with Skills in Multiple Languages and High IQ

Theodore “Teddy” Hobbs, a four-year-old boy from Portishead, UK, has recently made headlines as the youngest member of British Mensa, an organization for people with high IQs. According to reports, Teddy scored a staggering 139 out of 160 on the Stanford-Binet IQ test, and is able to read and count to 100 in six different languages.

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The Power of Walking Meditation: How Mindfulness Can Change Your Life

Walking meditation, also known as Mindfulness, is a technique that can change your life. Studies have shown that people who practice this method have better well-being and feel healthier. The book “Mindfulness. Training of attention” by M. Williams and D. Penman states, “In each of us there are sources of peace and satisfaction – regardless of how trapped and shaken we feel internally.” The key is to find and release these sources from the cage that our chaotic way of life has put them in, not allowing even a moment of respite.

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